Excerpts from the national anthem, allusions to subversive songs: Chinese show creativity to thwart internet censorship and express dissatisfaction with anti-Covid restrictions. China is watching the Internet closely. Content that portrays state policy poorly or is likely to cause unrest is removed by moderators. But censorship must now be in full swing to defend the untouchable national strategy of “zero Covid”, under which most of Shanghai’s 25 million residents have been locked up since the beginning of April.
Resentful of problems supplying fresh produce, accessing non-Covid medical care, and sending people who test positive to quarantine centers, many are venting their anger online. For Charlie Smith, co-founder of GreatFire.org that tracks Chinese censorship, the shutdown of Shanghai has become “a topic too big to be fully monitored”.
Especially since internet users are competing in creativity to thwart it. Photo or video deleted? Slightly cutting the edges or flipping them like a mirror is often enough to thwart AI-powered automated censorship filters. censored comment? Internet users use hints or puns. In Shanghai, instead of writing vitriol, some shared a hashtag containing the first words of the national anthem: “Whoa! We don’t want to be slaves anymore”… It was eventually censored, but only after the maneuver was caught by the censors .
“Do you hear people sing?” »
Another tactic: Netizens rallied against containment on movie and book review site Douban.com, thanks to their online vote, to put the dystopian novel “1984” at the top of the rankings. Target achieved… before the sergeant intervenes again. Overwhelmed, however, the latter failed to prevent the viral spread last month of a video titled “The Voice of April,” which in six minutes collected stories of Shanghainese in distress facing confinement.
By modifying the six-minute video very slightly, netizens were able to thwart the filtering software, which at first could only identify the original version—and thus censor it. The fighting lasted several hours before observers spent all of the circulating versions. But millions of people had time to watch the video.
Angry at the censorship, many netizens then shared clips of two protest songs on the WeChat social network: “Do You Hear People Sing?” (from the musical “Les Miserables”) and “Another Brick In The Wall” (from Pink Floyd) The first is the call for rebellion, and the second criticizes in particular “the control of thought.”
There is no relief in sight
Lucio Loi, a former journalist at Hong Kong Baptist University, told AFP that Shanghai was now “willing to pay the price” for publishing critical opinions online. She believes that the “difficulties, resentment and anger” associated with imprisonment “far outweigh the fear of punishment”.
Gao Ming, a 46-year-old Chinese, told AFP that police called him last month to ask him to delete anti-containment messages posted on Twitter and Facebook – all platforms inaccessible from China. He refused because he says it is “anti-censorship” and “completely against current policy”, according to him, the Shanghai confinement has caused unnecessary deaths, due to the deeply disrupted access to non-Covid medical care.
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The public media insists almost exclusively on the positive aspects, while ignoring the personal difficulties of the population. But the Communist Party reiterated its “unwavering” support for Zero Covid on Thursday and called for a “resolute struggle against all words and deeds” that put it into question. Relaxation is less likely because the Chinese president himself advocates this health policy, notes Yaqiu Wang, China director at Human Rights Watch, an American human rights advocacy group. “It is difficult for the government to back down when it comes to an ideological issue that is personally linked to Xi Jinping.”