Eid al-Fitr: what date in France?

AID 2022. The celebration of Eid Al Fitr is approaching. This holiday, which is the celebration of the end of Ramadan for observant Muslims, is preceded by a night of doubt in the year 1443 / 2022. This year, the iftar calendar has been shaken up a bit. The netizen returns to this reflection and explains all about the Ramadan calendar.

To fix the date of Eid al-Fitr, the Grand Mosque of Paris organizes a “Night of Doubt”. This year, it will take place on Saturday 30 April, instead of the previously announced Sunday 1 May. The Night of Doubt corresponds to the twenty-ninth day of the holy month of Ramadan 1443-2022 / AH, while Eid al-Fitr is the feast of the end of Ramadan for devout Muslims. Contrary to what was announced last March, the “Theological Coordination Committee” will meet tomorrow to observe the moon to determine whether the lunar month lasts 29 or 30 days, and therefore if the end date of Eid al-Fitr will be good. Monday 2 May.

The Night of Doubt has therefore been scheduled for Saturday 30 April instead of Sunday 1 May. Why this change? On March 15, 2022, the Great Mosque of Paris announced that an event would be organized, without it being proven that it would be used to determine the date of Eid al-Fitr. It was suggested that an “official declaration” would be allowed to perpetuate traditional rituals. And so the May 1st formalization of the date is recorded in this March press release. The Great Mosque of Paris, like the Christian Center of the Muslim faith, there wrote in black and white that the date of Eid al-Fitr is Monday, May 2, 2022, which will likely remain the official date even after the meeting of Saturday, April 30. Astrological calculations are rarely wrong. At that time, the authorities abandoned conducting a real observation of the sky to determine the date of the beginning of the lunar month with the naked eye, as was the case earlier, when it was necessary to wait for the meeting organized on the day expected the end of Ramadan to see if it really ended on the same day.

On April 26, the Great Mosque of Paris issued a press statement confirming that the “night of doubt” would indeed take place on Saturday, April 30, and that it would respect the process that usually governs announcing the deadline for the last day of the holy month of Ramadan. RAMADAN month. In fact, on the 29th day of Ramadan, at the beginning of the evening, a religious committee relies on skywatching and astronomical calculations to determine whether the lunar month lasts 29 or 30 days (more info here). To summarize the decisions made in recent months, the Council, the main representative body of Muslims in France, confirmed the theoretical dates for Ramadan based on astronomical calculations via a press release on March 13, reported by France Info. The Great Mosque of Paris set a night of doubt to record the date of the first day of Ramadan, which did not prevent the coordination of four Muslim federations (FFAIACA, GMP, MF and RMF) from announcing in statment March 15, the tentative date for the end of the blessed month.

Eid al-Fitr is the end of Ramadan: its date is actually the beginning of the month following Ramadan. The date in question is determined by the traditional observation of the moon on the “Night of Doubt” / “Night of Announcement”, as at the end of each month of the Islamic lunar calendar. In the “Hijri” calendar, which is the name of the Islamic lunar calendar, the fasting of Ramadan lasts a full lunar month. Therefore, the duration of this lunar month, which can stretch over a period of 29 days, is not officially defined at the moment. In fact, the center confirmed that this year will last 30 days from the calculations of the Shawwal crescent for the year 1443 AH: “Accurate astronomical calculations confirm that the conjunction will occur on April 29, 2022 at 23:28 GMT. Therefore, the month of Ramadan will last for thirty days. But the announcement About the Great Mosque of Paris on April 26 raises uncertainty.During the night of doubt, on Saturday 30 April, the Theological Commission will have to determine the duration of this lunar month.

For the splinter federations of the CFCM (the main representative body of Islam in France) and the Great Mosque, as well as for an entire section of the faithful (there are two schools), the end date of Ramadan can only be confirmed at the end of the holy month of Ramadan. “Night of Doubt” traditionally dedicated to observing the crescent. D’habitude, c’est le CFCM (Conseil français du culte musulman) qui officialise le jour J, après consultation des données astronomiques, la date de l’Aïd el-Fitr, via un communiqué publié sur le compte Twitter de la Grande mosquee from Paris. After the controversies that provoked the council, the body is no longer necessarily invited to the Great Mosque of Paris to announce the dates of the beginning and end of Ramadan, but also based on astronomical data. But this year, the council did not want to stay in the background of announcing the dates for Ramadan.

At the end of the Night of Doubt the night of the announcement of the Moon Watch on April 30, the official date for the end of Ramadan will be confirmed. This very special night is being organized by a splinter coordination of the CFCM on the evening of the 29th of Ramadan. On this occasion, the religious body confirms Traditionally the end date of Ramadan, and, de factoEid al-Fitr is celebrated tomorrow. In general, if you notice the possibility of seeing the crescent of the new moon in the sky before the next day, then Eid al-Fitr takes place on the next day. Otherwise, the celebration takes place a day later.

Celebrating Eid al-Fitr: What are its traditions?

Also called “small Eid”, Eid al-Fitr means “small party” in French (“fitr” means “eat, eat lunch” in Arabic). Yom Kippur and Peace can last up to three days. Tradition says that on this occasion, the practitioner pays alms (alms for the poor), which is a gift four times the content of two interconnected hands of food. An additional six days of fasting are traditionally practiced after Eid al-Fitr, which is Eid al-Fitr: the “six days of Shawwal”, named after the month following Ramadan in the “Hijri” calendar (the name of the Islamic calendar).

But beware, celebrating Eid Al Fitr is not “just” a way to celebrate the end of Ramadan. as symbolizes, Muslim communities around the world, A wonderful moment of sharing, peace and joy. Concretely, Eid al-Fitr is an occasion, usually, for large family meals, gifts, visits to relatives… During the festivities, Muslims also exchange “Eid Mubarak”, “Happy Eid” wishes. in French. Finally, Eid al-Fitr is also called “The Sweet Feast”. So it gives center stage to sweets once the Fajr prayer is over. Breakfast, dumplings, deer antlers or even chebakia, not to mention dates stuffed with marzipan… All these food items will be savored in this celebration.

Eid al-Fitr is the most important key for Muslims because it marks the end of the “Blessed Month of Ramadan”:

Before the Eid prayer, Muslims must have given Zakat Al-Fitr Zakat at the end of Ramadan. This can be given in the form of food or cash to those in need. In fact, to acknowledge the efforts made during Ramadan, every believing Muslim must pay alms to those in need, as a sign of solidarity. Zakat al-Fitr allows those in need to celebrate Eid like any Muslim, without having to beg on that day. Recently, the authorities representing the Islamic faith in France limited the amount of these alms 7 euros per person. The person responsible for the household must pay it by paying it for each family member for whom he is responsible, including children and infants. So a family of 5, with 3 children, even small children, must pay €35 at the end of Ramadan, in order to “purify” the fast.

What is the Eid al-Fitr prayer?

Eid Al Fitr is also a special day because His special morning prayer. According to the specialized Al-Kinz website, this Eid al-Fitr prayer theoretically comes when “the sun rises above the horizon with a length of a spear” (about three meters). In practice, mosques set the time for communal prayer themselves. Eid al-Fitr is above all an important spiritual day. It allows you to come back to learn the lessons of this fasting month, to evaluate the good and bad deeds that have been accomplished.

How do you wish Eid Al-Fitr? What happy birthday messages for? The specialized website Assabile.com offers different formulas for Muslims and non-Muslims to wish each other a happy Eid al-Fitr at the end of the holy month of fasting for believers. Here is a selection of those messages:

  • “happy, blessed Eid”
  • Happy Eid Mubarak, may God accept your fast and prayers.
  • “Eid Mubarak Mubarak to you and all your family, may God bless you and your best wishes.”
  • Eid Mubarak, best wishes for health and happiness.

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