Ramadan 2022 officially ends on Saturday

The end date of the Muslim fast of Ramadan 2022 or Eid al-Fitr, as is the case every year, must be confirmed by a religious committee. Organized in the Great Mosque of Paris, many believers follow the lunar celebration of the “Night of Doubt,” an Islamic tradition.

[Mis à jour le 27 avril 2022 à 15h18] The Night of Doubt is held to observe the moon, which usually announces the end date of Ramadan Saturday 30 April at 6:30 pm at the Grand Mosque of Paris. At its end, the official deadline for the end of Ramadan 2022 (1443) will be announced by the religious body mobilized for the occasion, around 7 pm. A committee composed of members of the Grand Mosque, but also of the four Muslim federations that split with the CFCM (the main representative body for Islam in France) in 2021. Concretely, the traditional observation of the sky that is the “Night of Doubt” confirms in addition to astrological calculations the exit or non-exit Exiting in the new lunar month … and thus the end of the Muslim fasting month or not. The mechanism is the same as for the beginning of Ramadan: if the crescent is visible with the naked eye, then the new month of the lunar calendar begins on the next day; If not, it will start after two days.

Based on astronomical calculations, the French Council of the Cult of Muslims (CFCM), the main representative body of Islam in France, has set March 13 as the theoretical date for the end of Ramadan, the month of fasting and deprivation considered “holy” by Muslims. around the world. This estimated date corresponds to Eid al-Fitr, estimated on Monday, May 2. This is the date that will likely be confirmed during the Night of Doubt on April 30th.

In the month of Ramadan, which is one of the pillars of Islam, believers are required to abstain from drinking, eating, smoking and having sex from dawn until sunset. Muslims are invited to pay the seven-euro zakat per person to the poor, the “zakat al-fitr”.

Like the start date, the end date of Ramadan is determined, as a reminder, on the basis of the lunar cycle that governs the Islamic calendar (also known as the Hijri calendar). However, the lunar month lasts 29 or 30 days there. A one-day shift is possible at the end of the different months of the lunar calendar on which Islam is based: if the crescent is observed on the 29th day of the month, then the month lasts 29 days; Otherwise, it is extended for one day.

Eid al-Fitr is the feast of iftar marking the end of the month of Ramadan. It falls on the day following the last day of the ninth Hijri month. To determine its early date, astronomical calculations can be made. On the eve or two before the date, the day of Eid al-Fitr is officially announced by a religious committee after the lunar observation of the “Night of Doubt”.

The Night of Doubt takes place in the Great Mosque of Paris, on the twenty-ninth day of the current lunar month in the Hijri calendar, and allows determining the beginning and end of the month. The events of Night of Doubt at the beginning and Night of Doubt at the end of Ramadan for believers in Islam in general are broadcast via the official website of the Great Mosque of Paris. It is possible that during the “Night of Doubt” at the end of Ramadan on Saturday 30 April, the religious body estimates that the date of the end of Ramadan 2022/1443 falls on Monday 2 May (see on the specialist calendar website Vercalendario), the date already set by the CFCM on the basis of astronomical calculations.

The “Night of Doubt” tradition refers to the hadith, an oral statement of the Prophet in which he states: “Do not fast except when you see the lunar crescent and break your fast when you also see it.” In the Islamic calendar, the “Night of Doubt” denotes the end of the lunar month and the beginning of the next lunar month. So it plays a role in formalizing the start date of the Ramadan fast, but also in confirming the end date of this “holy month”.

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