The ancient altar of the Resurrection was built during the time of the Crusades

The richly decorated table in the church choir was opened in 1149, at the time of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. He remained there until a fire in 1808.

How many pilgrims have in recent centuries passed in front of the large plate that everyone forgot in a dark corner of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher? The rocks were polluted over time and the men’s appearance was not so much. But in Jerusalem, and in the spiritual heart of the three faiths of the book, there is absolutely nothing. After being closely examined by Israeli and Austrian researchers during a restoration project, this massive and filthy ruin turned out to be the ancient facade facing the high altar of the medieval church. The Crusaders and Christian Kings of Jerusalem had once celebrated Mass at this table. She had been entrusted, some years before, with the intimacy of shadows and dust.

Found in the depths of the complex built around Golgotha, the ruins date back to the twelfth centuryAnd century, according to the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) and the Austrian Academy of Sciences. He wasn’t always so rude. It can hardly be appreciated today, but originally, the painting was covered in precious shards of finely cut marble and glass paste.Israel Antiquities Authority archaeologist Amit Reem told Reuters. The brilliance of the altar echoed the Jerusalem found after the First Crusade in 1099. The high altar is later. It was meant to be built for the choir of the renovated and remodeled Church of the Holy Sepulcher, intended for Catholic worship in 1149.

Reverse the recently discovered part of the medieval altar of the Holy Sepulcher. This visible left side has been covered in numerous graffiti since the beginning of the 19th century.And a century. Reuters

Italian altar

What happened that caused this luminous altar, a former vanishing point from the center of the church, to wilt in its darkest fortified dungeon? the story. In 1187, about thirty years after the inauguration with the great pomp of the Crusader Holy Sepulcher, Saladin’s army recaptured Jerusalem from the Latins. European kings failed to retake the city, save for a brief 15-year hiatus, between 1229 and 1244. The Calvary Church then returned to Orthodox hands, while Roman worship furniture remained in place until a fire in 1808. What? The remains of the illustrious altar are disposed of and overturned in the site’s backyards. The table there becomes an ordinary block of stone, awarded on the concrete walls to unemployed pilgrims.

The happiest April announcement of the rediscovery of the medieval altar of the Holy Sepulcher was Archbishop Constantine Aristarchus, Secretary of the Orthodox Church in Jerusalem, who praised the work of archaeologists. It constitutes, above all, a remarkable historical testimony to the work of the craftsmen, at the time of the work carried out by the Crusaders in the ancient basilica founded at the beginning of the fourth century.And a century. Because despite its tired appearance and unfinished nature, this large 2.5-meter-wide piece evokes to specialists the many altars and relics of the 12th centuryAnd and thirteenAnd Centuries are still preserved in Rome.

Like countless objects preserved in Italy, including a large number of mosaics, the forgotten ancient altar of the Crusaders in Jerusalem blends a range of multicultural influences: a dose of Roman influence and a measure of Byzantine art. Consider the recipe that corresponds to the so-called Cosmatesque style. The decorative type was predominant in southern Europe around the 12th centuryAnd a century. Enhanced in Jerusalem with a touch of Islamic aesthetics, it requires bright influence. Israeli and Austrian researchers conducted a study devoted to examining the altar and its stylistic intersection at the end of the year.

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