Pensions, purchasing power, immigration … compared to the Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen programs by topic

Europe, the environment, Ukraine, immigration… Many of the topics covered by Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen’s programs are distant, even opposing. During those two weeks in between the two rounds, the two qualified in the second round of the presidential election and never stopped raising their differences.

During the many trips they made, they fought at a distance, criticizing the proposals of one and the other sometimes on purchasing power, sometimes on wearing headscarves, sometimes on pensions. On Wednesday evening, Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen faced each other for more than two and a half hours, during the debate between the two rounds.

Le Parisien has incorporated what the finalists have to offer in several daily topics.


The split among the finalists is evident regarding social benefits, particularly on RSA (Active Solidarity Income) which reveals two doctrines. Emmanuel Macron requires him to take active steps to find a job, and Marine Le Pen on French citizenship, as it does for family benefits.

mercy killing

This is a societal question that pops up regularly: What is the end of life we ​​serve? If the candidate of the National Front completely closed the door to euthanasia and assisted suicide, then the outgoing president resorts to the desire to launch a citizens’ conference on this topic.


Marine Le Pen has said it frankly: she wants to end – or at least severely restrict – family reunification, which she sees as one of the “main causes of mass migration”. For his part, Emmanuel Macron proposes better immigration control by strengthening European and national borders.

wearing Hijab

This is a topic that has been brought up several times during the in-between tours. This is a sign of differentiation between the candidates. Marine Le Pen wants to ban headscarves in public, but not Emmanuel Macron.


If they sometimes have similar ideas regarding education, such as the early orientation of students, Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen oppose each other in the baccalaureate. The second wants to cancel the reform introduced by the first, by returning to the traditional sectors (S, ES and L).

Schengen and Europe

Marine Le Pen wants to renegotiate the Schengen agreements in order to re-establish border controls, while providing “simplified transit procedures for citizens of EU countries”. Emmanuel Macron proposes to him, better border control, without touching Schengen.

Purchasing power

Purchasing power is undoubtedly one of the topics Marine Le Pen focused on the most during the campaign between the two rounds. VAT is at the heart of the discussions. The RPF candidate wants to plan it (or even remove it on some basic necessities, under circumstances), but it’s out of touch for Emmanuel Macron, who favors freezing electricity and gas prices, as well as checking food.

wind turbines

Should wind turbines be destroyed or, conversely, more should be built? On this subject, strategies differ entirely between candidates eligible for the second round of the presidential election. Marine Le Pen opts for the gradual dismantling of all facilities while Emmanuel Macron wants to install 50 offshore parks and double the capacity of onshore wind power.


In addition to the issue of wind energy, France’s energy future has been invited to the countryside, particularly because of the war in Ukraine and dependence on Russian gas. Nuclear, European electricity market, sobriety… The two qualifying for the second round of the presidential election have very different visions.


The topic is necessarily at the heart of the campaign. The presidential nominee wants to gradually raise the retirement age to 64 or 65, ensuring that, between rounds, he is ready to “move” on the reform he wishes to implement. The RN candidate rather plays the status quo at 62 and opens retirement at 60 for anyone who started working before age 20. What is already there.

So, this Sunday, two very different visions will be competing in the polls. “This election is a referendum for or against the European Union, for or against the environment, for or against who we are deeply,” Emmanuel Macron summed up at the end of the debate between the two rounds, while Marine Le Pen ruled, Friday, the choice was simple: “It’s Macron or France.” “.

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