How do we explain the renewed violence between Palestinians and Israelis for a month?

Throwing stones in exchange for rubber bullets. New clashes erupted between the Israeli police and Palestinian demonstrators, Friday, April 22nd, in the square of Al-Quds mosques. At the latest estimate, the Palestinian Red Crescent reported that sixty were injured, two of them in critical condition. The situation is particularly tense in this part of the Old City, the third holiest site in Islam and the holiest site in Judaism. This year, the third Friday of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan coincides with the end of the Passover celebrations, the Jewish holiday of Passover.

Over the past week, more than 200 people, mostly Palestinians, have been injured in clashes in and around the compound. Palestinians view the presence of many Jews during Ramadan – who can visit the place under certain conditions and at specific times without praying there, according to the current status quo – and the deployment of police forces at the site as a gesture “excitement”.

In response, Palestinian armed groups fired rockets from the Gaza Strip into Israel, which responded with air strikes – the first in months – on this Palestinian enclave of just over two million people. This is enough to raise fears of a military escalation against the backdrop of tensions related to the holy sites in Jerusalem. In May 2021, clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinian demonstrators during Ramadan in Jerusalem, particularly in the mosque plaza, led to a bloody 11-day war between Hamas, which holds power in Gaza, and the Israeli army.

This new violence against the backdrop of religious celebrations comes after a spate of attacks in Israel in recent weeks. These attacks with knives, car rams or firearms, including one carried out in the heart of downtown Tel Aviv on April 7, have killed 14 people since the end of March in Israel. Since then, the Israeli forces have been given carte blanche “Overcoming Terror”, including operations in the West Bank and the occupied Palestinian territories. The assessment of the Palestinian side: more than twenty deaths, including perpetrators of terrorist attacks.

This Israeli military intervention raises fears of a general conflagration in the Palestinian territories. Every night, groups of Palestinians attack the army, which responds with live ammunition. “It is unfortunately a classic scenario that appears at regular intervals for always the same reasons.”notes Jean-Paul Chegnolod, professor of political science at Cergy Pontoise University and a specialist on the Palestinian issue. “The truth is that we must end the occupation.” The Israeli adds.

“We are in a state of occupation and Jerusalem has been covered by a massive settlement development for at least twenty years,” he added.

Jean Paul Chignolud

in franceinfo

Israel has controlled the West Bank and East Jerusalem since 1967. Currently, about 700,000 Jewish settlers live in these two areas, in settlements deemed illegal under international law. At the end of March, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territories, Michael Lynk, called for“racism” The system established by Israel, with Separate roads, high walls, and checkpoints all over the place..

in this context ‘Frustration and despair’ the Palestinian side, “You will inevitably have killer sequences of this kind that will return in one episode.”Jean-Paul Chagnolaud continues. For Frédéric Insel, Doctor of Geopolitics, and author of Paths to Power: Thinking About Geopolitics in the Twenty-first Century (Ed. Odell Jacob), We are in the syndrome of the first intifada.It was launched in December 1987 by “A normal traffic accident in Gaza”. “You can always find sparks, The specialist watches. In the background, there is a very large void. It’s a political vacuum.”

On the Israeli side, Prime Minister Naftali Bennett, Benjamin Netanyahu’s successor, is playing the tightrope to maintain and for the first time form his diverse coalition in power, made up of lawmakers from the right, left and center. of the Arab minority. This coalition exists only to the extent that it is committed not to change the status quo on the Palestinian issue.”Frederic Insel analyzes it.

On the Palestinian side, elections scheduled for May 2021 – the first in fifteen years – were canceled on the grounds that the polls had not taken place. “Guarantee” in East Jerusalem. They had to seal a project “reconciliation” Between the secular Fatah movement led by Mahmoud Abbas and the Islamists of Hamas. between this “section” history and A huge loss for the legitimacy of the Palestinian Authority. With its inhabitants, Jean-Paul Chagnolod portrays a “A situation where all sides are weak. There is nothing worse in a situation as dangerous as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict”.

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said, “Extremely concerned about the deteriorating situation in Jerusalem” And “In contact with all parties to reduce tensions and prevent inflammatory actions and rhetoric.”. However, the international community is currently more mobilized by the war in Ukraine and the risk of internationalizing the conflict. “I don’t see a miracle that the peace process can be relaunched. The United States, which remains the only power capable of leading it, is far from it.”Judge Frederic Insel, referring to an American president “weak” internally and “Occupied by the crisis in Ukraine”.

“The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been transferred to the level of domestic litigation,” he added.

Frederic Insel

in franceinfo

The last American attempt in the region, the Abraham Accords, is a “A nail that cuts off Palestinian hope”, continues the writer. Donald Trump’s Middle East plan, presented in January 2020, specifically provides for Israel’s annexation of parts of the West Bank. The Jewish state finally suspended this project last summer, thanks to an agreement to normalize its relations with several Gulf states, including the United Arab Emirates. This recognition of Israel by these countries is exacerbated ‘isolating the Palestinians’, according to Jean-Paul Chegnolod. magazine editor The meeting of the Mediterranean It is noteworthy that the last resolution, which was unanimously passed by the UN Security Council to condemn Israeli colonialism, dates back to 2016 and has not yet been implemented. “But it gave all the keys to a possible solution.”

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