On Wednesday, April 20, the Russian army announced the first successful test-fire of an intercontinental ballistic missile “Sarmat”. This new generation of long-range weapons was presented in the form of “without equality” by Russian President Vladimir Putin.
“It is truly a unique weapon that will enhance the military capabilities of our armed forces, keep Russia safe from external threats, and make those who are trying to threaten our country with unruly and aggressive rhetoric, to think twice.”said the head of the Kremlin. As it was explained “Only assemblies, components and parts of national manufacture were used to create Sarmat”.
The Pentagon responded a few hours later by emphasizing that Wednesday’s shooting was a test ” pattern “ and did not form “Not a threat” the United States or its allies. Moscow has “properly informed” Washington carried out this test in accordance with its obligations under the nuclear treaties, and therefore it was not ” Surprise “ US Department of Defense, its spokesman John Kirby reassured.
The research and development program for this new system began about fifteen years ago. At the end of 2021, the Russian news agency TASS, based on a military source, announced that the Sarmat test program had been completed. “modified” And that only one launch will eventually occur in 2021 – instead of two – and then another five are planned for 2022.
Appears to be able to evade air defenses
in a videoRussian Defense Ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov said the shooting took place at 3:12 pm (2:12 pm Paris time) from the Plesetsk launch pad in the Arkhangelsk region in northwest Russia. According to this source, the missile, as expected, hit a target in the Kura military field on the Russian Kamchatka Peninsula in the Far East, more than 5,000 km away. “After the experimental program ends, Sarmat missiles enter the Russian strategic forces.”Mr. Konashenkov added. forces “strategic”In its broad definition, it specifically intervenes in the event of a nuclear war.
Sarmat is the name of a nomadic people who lived in ancient times around the Black Sea, between present-day Russia and Ukraine. According to Vladimir Putin, this missile is capable of “Superiority over all modern anti-aircraft systems”. Weighing more than 200 tons, the missile is said to outperform its predecessor – the 11,000 km Vojvoda missile, nicknamed “Devil” to the west.
In 2019, Putin claimed that Sarmat did not have Practically no limits And he was able to “Aim at targets that cross the North Pole like the South Pole”. The Russian president also said on Wednesday that Sarmat is capable of this “Superiority over all modern anti-aircraft systems”.
This missile is also regularly cited for its ability to carry dozens of nuclear warheads. In an April 2018 note, the Strategic Research Foundation wrote that because of the guidance system Sarmat is supposed to use, ” The accuracy of the missile should be very high (less than 10 meters), if it is well connected with the maneuverability of the warhead. ”
This weapon is part of another series of missiles introduced in 2018 as “Invincible” By the head of the Kremlin, including the Kinjal and Avangard hypersonic missiles. In April 2021, Vladimir Putin planned a first regiment fully equipped with Sarmat ICBMs by the end of 2022.