What are the causes of the democratic crisis? Ask your questions to Philosopher Myriam Rivault Dalon

We make the point | What are the solutions to the democratic crisis?

Remote voting, dual agency, mail voting, lowering the minimum age, counting blank votes… In recent months, senators have proposed solutions to respond to the democratic crisis. An overview of what they recommend to increase participation (and the limitations of these hypotheses):

In December 2020, a report entitled . was released Remote voting under what conditions? » It is led by François Noel Buffett, Senator L.R. Chairman of the Law Committee. recommended for “Continue to secure online voting”. Also, in January 2021, Landes PS Senator Eric Kerrouche defended the use of double power of attorney and mail voting, believing that this Boosts voter turnout.

Critics of remote voting believe that online voting does not provide the same guarantees of transparency, security, and confidentiality as voting with paper cards and glass ballot boxes. Another challenge is having a digital platform capable of handling 48 million connections – the number of voters in France. Finally, the researchers also point out the technical and complexity of online voting, for starters.

  • The right to vote at the age of 16

According to Dorian Druel, professor of political science and co-chair of the Voted Association. “The sooner we vote, the more we vote sustainably.”. In December 2021, Northern Socialist Senator Martin Fillol had carried a bill, which was finally rejected, aimed at voting from the age of 16. Two months ago, this was also confirmed by Patrick Kanner, head of the Socialist group in the Senate “Young people earlier vote […] The more we will make them citizens in the long run.”. The right to vote at age 16 was part of the proposals of the left-wing presidential candidates: socialist Anne Hidalgo, ecologist Yannick Gadot, and “rebel” Jean-Luc Mélenchon were all in favor of it.

A few days before the 2019 European elections, Emmanuel Macron said to himself “Ready to go” On the right to vote from the age of 16, when questioned by young YouTuber Hugo Travers. He had all the same condition this development on the fact that 18-25 years go “Saturation of all vote counters for Europeans, Municipal, Regional, and Provincial”. The presidential candidate has not made any suggestion in this direction during the presidential campaign finally, just like Marine Le Pen.

  • Recognition by voting in blank

In their presidential election manifesto, Nicolas Dupont-Aignan, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, Yannick Gadot, Nathalie Artaud, Jean LaSalle and Anne Hidalgo were in favor of taking blank voting into account when casting votes. Eric Zemmour, Fabien Roussel, Valérie Pecres, Marine Le Pen and Philippe Puteaux have not been clear about this. For his part, Emmanuel Macron rejected this idea when he proposed it “yellow jackets” In 2019, when he was open about her ex.

“It is a topic that is constantly exploited in politics without being seriously analyzed.”Commented Jeremy Malik, a lecturer at Ivry University (Eason) and a specialist in voting on blanks. Most of the candidates’ proposals are inaccurate, however, noted journalist Pascaline David in her article published on 4 April. Should the votes cast in all elections be taken into account? Only in the first round, it is also called a white voting party? To be accompanied by the power of punishment, such as annulment of elections, to really affect the political show?

count tens of “Winners” By including white and invalid votes, and abstentions, it would allow in any case to put the true legitimacy of the representatives into perspective. If the null and zero vote – by 11.5% in 2017 – were taken into account, then Emmanuel Macron’s victory would have been even narrower: his result would have subsequently fallen from 66.1% to 58.5%; And for Marine Le Pen, from 33.9% to 30%.

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