Rumors ran, and questions began to arise. On April 20, 2021, the news of the death of Idriss Deby was announced by a group of soldiers who appeared on television: CMT, the Transitional Military Council, headed by Mohamed Idriss Deby, son of the late president. This council, which is responsible for maintaining the stability and continuity of the existing power, was created between 19 and 20 April, after discussions between key figures in the regime. Returning to this third part of our investigation into the discussions that led to the reorganization of the Chadian force.
It is 1:15 p.m. on Tuesday, April 20, 2021, when fifteen generals in sandy uniforms appeared on Chadian television. Three men get out of line. The person approaching the microphone is Brigadier General Azem Bermandoa Agona, the army’s spokesman. Read the press release announcing Idriss Déby’s death from a forehead injury. To his right is a modest-sized man with youthful features and small glasses. Major General Mohamed Idriss Deby heads the Transitional Military Council. He is the son of the deceased. To his left is the large and formidable stature of Major General Jamadum Tyrina, Delegate Minister for Defense Affairs at the time of the events. Become Vice President of CMT.
Chad Marshall died more than a day ago. Throughout Monday, a rumor spread in the circles of power that he had been injured, but without much concern: “ In my generation, we have all been injured many times, we all have memories ,” explains a former fierce opponent of Idriss Déby who became his advisor, “iThere was already a large spread around the Presidential Guard and the Palace, but the city was very quiet, and there was no sign of panic “.” We heard it, but we had no confirmation “says a diplomat. The Speaker of the National Assembly, Harun Kabaddi, said upon his return from Sarh,” deploy tanks Between the airport and the presidency, but he returns home without being overburdened.
However, the tone changed in the afternoon. Was responsible for serving as head of state in the event of a power vacuum, Harun Kabaddi was first told that the president was ” yields Without further details. In the evening he is asked to come to the presidency. ” At first I was told that he was injured, then at night his son Abdul Karim informed me of his death.. Abdelkarim Idriss Deby, better known as “Keremo”, was then his father’s deputy chief of staff and was at the forefront of the transition that was taking shape. He is still, a year later, a central player since staying with his brother. He secured RFI in the presidency for a few moments. It is better to evade questions on this topic.” So that the message about the present and future work is not blurred “.
► To read also, the first part of our investigation: Chad: The Last Days of Field Marshal Idriss Déby
Mohamed Idriss Deby summarized the facts in November 2021 about France 24: “ Upon his arrival in N’Djamena, the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces (Major-General Daoud) informed the President of the Assembly. He asked her to attend to assume her constitutional responsibilities. Which he clearly refused, given the state of war in our country. He thought that it was not appropriate for a civilian to preside over the fate of the country. The power vacuum, however, was noted by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Samir Adam Anwar, who saw the body of the deceased. He did not respond to our requests.
“ I did not want a security vacuum in the war, 300 km from here. Glory and 90 days in power seemed too small in the face of the threat of a coup d’état. »
A year later, Harun Kabaddi, the current head of the National Transitional Council (which serves as a temporary parliament), endorses this version. The Secretary-General of the National Salvation Movement, the party of the late Idriss Deby, confirms that he himself took the decision to withdraw: I was insulted, called cowardice, but I did so voluntarily, and faced an exceptional situation. Nobody forced me, nobody shot me with a gun. In this sequence, it was necessary above all to preserve the fighting spirit of the soldiers facing the loss of their supreme leader. I didn’t want a security vacuum, and the war is 300 kilometers away. Glory and 90 days in power seemed too small in the face of the threat of a coup d’état. The facts have proven me right since the troops were still mobilized and the war was won. »
Other interlocutors close to the authority assert that he has no other solution than to step down. ” It was impossible for a civilian chief to control the army. You cannot shoot a person who has not fired a single shot when the war is 300 kilometers away. Sometimes reality trumps principle The official said frankly, and according to him, in fact, is the Chief of Defense Staff, Major General Daoud, “ Who managed everything, from evacuating the body to organizing the transition “.
List of fifteen generals to lead the transition
While Harun Kabaddi chose to give priority.” The principle of reality is on the right “A group of First Circle soldiers and clan members have actually been working hard for several hours in order to…” damage reduction “Reduce the risks that Idriss Déby’s end causes to the country and to themselves. According to our information, there are Generals Taher Erda, a thirty-year-old believer who heads Military Intelligence, Djumadum Tirina, now Vice President of CMT, Bishara Issa Jadallah, Chief of Staff of the Special Field Marshal (a position he found with his son), and Ahmet Yusuf Muhammad Itno, nephew of the chief Country. They were joined by Mohamed Idriss Deby and Chief of Staff Major General Daoud who had returned to N’Djamena during the day, while at the same time their forces secured a military victory over Fact en Kanem.
They drew up a list of fifteen generals, who were invited to lead the transition, and presented to the President of the Assembly: “ I saw the list and told them not to touch it, because I felt that these people trust each other Said Harun Al-Kabadi today.
there ” trust It is the term used by many players in this transfer to justify the selection of Mohamed Idriss Deby as the head of this team. ” He knows his men, he’s respectful Someone said, It was the natural choice “.” He had the advantage of being a soldier who knew the terrain, had family ties within several ethnic groups (his mother was Gorran) and was good-looking in front of his country associates. The local academic sums up. Indeed, having served in Mali with the Chadian battalion, he gives “Kaka”, the nickname he inherited after being raised by his paternal grandmother, who owes this to France, confirms a presidential adviser, who erases the glowing portrait of a man Cream, balanced, frugal and piety “.
Outside the palace on the evening of Monday the 19th, parliament activists are waiting for the arrival of their hero, who has just been announced by the Electoral Commission for re-election for a sixth term with 79.32% of the vote. ” It was there that we found it strange not to see him, and that we understood that something was going on ‘” a foreign diplomat recalled today.
► To (re)read: Presidential elections in Chad: Re-election of Idriss Déby in the first round according to provisional results.
Results like another legit posthumously? ” it’s possible One of his opponents shouts at the ballot. Ceni residents had no idea what was going on “He is reassured on his part by a minister. Whatever the case, these interim results will not be validated by the Supreme Court. So it has no legal value and should have led to the organization of new elections. But the power is already in the hands of the army. Early in the morning, the other members of the CMT, who had been notified to receive them by phone, presented themselves in uniform. The manifesto is read to Chadians via the national media, the constitution is suspended, the government and the council are dissolved, and elections are promised within 18 months. Until then, with the hypothetical adherence to deadlines, it will always be Deby who will preside over the fates of the Chadians.
► “ The death of Idriss Déby: an investigation into the great mystery » It is an investigation coordinated by François Mazet and Florence Maurice, with Frank Alexander, Magyasra Nako and Esdras Ndikumana.