We explain to you why the hypothesis of Finland joining NATO is considered an insult by Russia

It’s flipping. On Friday, April 15, Finland, through the voice of its Minister for European Affairs, announced its concerns about its security since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Tytti TuppurainenIt was “Very likely” His country is applying to join NATO soon.

Two days ago, during a trip to her Swedish neighbor, who is also considering future membership, The Finnish Prime Minister, Sanna Marin, has announced that the decision on the candidacy will be made “In a few weeks”After a debate organized in Parliament.

A diplomatic and military insult to Russia, which has always refused to see the military alliance of the North Atlantic countries on its doorstep in order to assert itself in the face of the absolute Western presence in the region. Several members of the Russian government have already warned that these two neutral countries will become members of NATO as well “Military and Nuclear Consequences”.

For Finland, which has a 1,300 km border with Russia, joining the 30-member coalition led by the United States would provide a deterrent. “Much larger” Against an attack from his neighbor, refers to “white book” Unveiled a few days ago (link in english) on this specific topic.

If this report urgently requested by the Finnish government after the Russian attack on Ukraine does not mean for the time being a decision for or against membership, for Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto, the war in Ukraine forces the opening of this debate on NATO.

“Russia is ready to take more risks than before, as this attack on Ukraine showed. Then it showed that it was capable of rallying more than 100,000 men against a country.”, the Finnish minister confirms to AFP. The latter also wants to anticipate the possible future risks that his country may be exposed to vis-à-vis Russia, in particular “In the face of tactical and chemical nuclear weapons”.

“It seems that the Finns have made up their minds and there is already a large majority in favor of joining NATO”At the beginning of the week, he confirmed to the Minister of European Affairs, Tytti Tuppurainen. Membership support, which has hovered around 20% to 25% for decades, has suddenly tripled from 70% to 80%, according to the country’s latest polls. TheTherefore, the Finnish Prime Minister, Sanna Marin, can announce her country’s decision to join NATO without even holding a referendum beforehand.

On the side of the Finnish parliament, a clear political majority is also formed. Of the MPs who have already declared their position, 100 out of 200 support membership while only 12 oppose it, according to dozens of local media.

Finland has also increased consultations in recent weeks with nearly all NATO members. Like Sweden, the country has received clear assurances from the organization’s Secretary General, Jens Stoltenberg, and the support of many countries such as the United States, Germany, France and the United Kingdom.

These announcements from neighboring Finland made the Kremlin jump. Russia views the alliance as an existential threat to its national security. In particular, it justified its offensive in Ukraine by wanting to counter Kyiv’s Atlanticist ambitions and Western political and military support for Ukraine.

So Moscow regularly threatens Finland and Sweden if they join NATO. But, Thursday, April 14, the warnings rose somewhat. In the event of assembly, “The alliance’s borders with Russia will double. These borders will have to be defended.”the current number two in the Russian Security Council, Dmitry Medvedev, indicated in a message on Telegram.

“A reasonable person (…) does not wish to escalate tensions on his borders and be next to his home (missiles) Iskander, hypersonic, and ships equipped with nuclear weapons.”

Dmitry Medvedev, No. 2 in the Russian Security Council

on Telegram

“In that case, there can be no question [mer] The non-nuclear Baltic states, he added. He also noted the deployment of infantry and anti-aircraft systems in northwestern Russia and naval forces in the Gulf of Finland.

these countries “We must understand the consequences of such a step for our bilateral relations and for the European security architecture as a whole.”Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said.

“Being a NATO member cannot enhance its national security. De facto, Finland and Sweden will be NATO’s front line.”

Maria Zakharova, spokeswoman for the Russian Foreign Ministry

In a press release

In the event that Finland joins NATO, the United States and its Western allies will have the possibility of stationing militarily on the Russian border. “For a great strategist like Putin, this is still one of the biggest failures. If you add to that Western unity that the invasion [de l’Ukraine] raises, the strengthening of NATO or the response of the European Union as an entity, is almost a bingo card for everything that Russia did not want”, Charly Salonius-Pasternak, a researcher at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs, says in Release (Article reserved for subscribers).

Finland now fears retaliatory responses from Moscow, particularly during the transitional period leading up to its possible accession to NATO. Helsinki believes that it will take four to twelve months to complete the membership process after unanimous agreement and ratification by NATO. Finland would then be the 31st country to join NATO, which already includes Poland, Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia, which border Russia.

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