The Prime Minister of Pakistan, Imran Khan, was ousted on Saturday 9 April, at the suggestion of a blame, which the National Assembly voted against, after several weeks of political crisis. Despite being postponed twice during the day, Mr. Khan’s gambit to maintain power in Pakistan was unsuccessful.
movement was “agree” By 174 deputies out of 342, Acting Chamber Chairman Sardar Ayaz Sadiq announced. No prime minister has completed his term in Pakistan since the country’s independence in 1947, but Mr. Khan is the first to lose in a vote of no confidence.
He became prime minister in 2018. His successor at the helm of this Islamic republic of 220 million people equipped with nuclear weapons should be Shahbaz Sharif, leader of the Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N).
Dissolution of the unconstitutional association
This vote comes as the Supreme Court, on Thursday, inflicted a bitter setback for the Pakistani prime minister. The latter, 69 and famous for leading the national cricket team to only victory in the World Cup in 1992, had tried to escape this opposition proposal four days earlier by dissolving the National Assembly and calling an early general election.
The five judges of the country’s highest court had unanimously ruled that the scheme to prevent the vote of no confidence was unconstitutional and that all subsequent decisions had no legal effect. So the National Assembly was restored, as was the government.
Khan is very popular with large sections of the population, and Mr. Khan may not have said his last word in light of the upcoming elections. But his record and tendency in recent days to sow divisions in Pakistani society with violent attacks against the opposition, which he accuses them. ” betrayal “can play against him.
Imran Khan came to power in 2018, after his party, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI), won legislative elections on a populist platform that combined promises of social reform, religious conservatism and the fight against corruption. Twenty-two years after entering politics, his perseverance has been rewarded.
Popular choices, tough economic times
As head of government, he first benefited from his incorruptible image and the weariness of society from the traditional parties, which for decades monopolized power with the military. During the Covid-19 pandemic, her choice was not to impose national confinement, which would have happened “Starve to death” People, it proved and won its popularity. The country largely survived (30,000 dead).
But the economic situation and his poor choices eventually caught up with him. Rising inflation, the depreciation of the rupee since July and the widening of debts have weakened it. The deterioration of the security situation, especially since the Taliban movement took power in Afghanistan in mid-August, has also contributed to increasing the difficulties it is facing.
Their triumphant return was initially interpreted as a victory for Pakistan, which they have long been accused of supporting, and for the one who had been adorned with the title “Taliban Khan” Because he did not stop calling for dialogue with them. But after several years of relative calm, attacks have resumed since August, led in particular by the Pakistani Taliban affiliate (TTP). Imran Khan also suffered from a possible deterioration in his relations with the army, which was accused of interfering in his favour, in 2018, even if he remained silent in recent days.
Accused of complacency towards extremism
And his efforts to position Pakistan as a major regional player have had little effect. Relations with Washington and European countries stretched, especially under the influence of diatribes against Islamophobia, disguised in his eyes in the West under the guise of freedom of expression. Islamabad has approached China. Also, Imran Khan’s official visit to Moscow on the same day the outbreak of the war in Ukraine earned him a lot of ridicule.
The son of a wealthy family in Lahore, an Oxford graduate and married three times after maintaining his reputation as a playboy during his athletic career, has also been criticized for being complacent about religious extremists. He married for the third time in 2018 to Bushra Bibi, from a conservative hijab-wearing family, and has been a vocal advocate of the controversial blasphemy law.
In November, his government lifted the ban on Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP), which had been imposed in April after violent anti-French demonstrations organized by this Islamist party, which denounced France’s support for the right to caricature, including that of the Prophet Muhammad.
Often accused of restricting the space for press expression, Imran Khan has also angered feminist organizations by creating a link several times between rape and the way women dress, in a country where sexual violence is rampant.